U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT). Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology (OST-R). Joint Office of Programs for Intelligent Transportation Systems. “Connected Vehicle Basics.” www.its.dot.gov/cv_basics/cv_basics_what.htm (called April 5, 2017). The TCWP met again from December 13 to 14, 2016.  At that meeting, TCWP discussed trade in services, including the costs of trade restrictions imposed on foreign companies and their subsidiaries; services in global value chains linked to increased pooling of goods and services in international trade; How to assess the service commitments currently found in trade agreements; and issues related to the OECD`s Trade Restriction of Services Index. The working group also discussed how SOEs could better regulate international trade and international investment, restrictive measures in the area of public procurement, the application of OECD trade facilitation indicators, digital trade and local content policy related to mineral-exporting countries.  This section includes safeguards under the Provisions Managed by the Commission, including comprehensive safeguards under Sections 201-204 of the Trade Act 1974 and safeguards in various bilateral free trade agreements. Articles 14 and 15 of the additional agreement provide citizens and non-governmental organizations with a mechanism for implementing environmental legislation in NAFTA countries. Section 14 governs alleged offences submitted for review by the CEC. It contains guidelines for the criteria for submissions and parties who can file complaints.
Article 15 sets out the commitments of the EAC SECRETARIAT when reviewing the observations and publishing the results in the substantive act.  At the end of 2016, three complaint files remained active in accordance with Articles 14 and 15, two of which were filed in 2016. The three active files were for Mexico (Table 5.7). EU data protection legislation only allows the transfer of personal data from the EU to third countries on the basis that the country offers an adequate level of protection under national legislation or international obligations.  In February 2016, the United States and the European Union announced a new method for companies to transfer personal data from the EU to the United States in accordance with EU law. The new framework – the US Data Protection Shield – replaces the Safe Harbor Agreement, which was struck down by the European Court of Justice in October 2015.  The Data Protection Shield came into force on 12 July 2016, when the European Commission deemed that the data protection shield was sufficient to allow data transfer in accordance with EU law.