A treaty is an international agreement established in writing and by international law between two or more sovereign states, whether inscribed in a single instrument or in two or more related acts. Treaties have many names: conventions, agreements, pacts, pacts, charters and statutes, among others. The choice of name has no legal value. Contracts can generally be categorized into one of two main categories: bilateral (between two countries) and multilateral (between three or more countries). Although not explicitly mentioned in the U.S. Constitution or defined by federal law, executive orders are implicit in Article II and have been regarded since the George Washington government as one of the president`s powers. Executive orders are exactly what they sound – orders that are produced by the president as chief executive, which “are generally intended for government officials and authorities and govern action.” External.” These executive orders may have the force of the law, even if they do not follow the same procedure as bills passed by Congress. As printing resources have been migrated online, it is now possible to complete the first two or three steps of the contract search process using an online contract database, such as the HeinOnline Treaty and Accords Library, HeinOnline`s World Library Treaty or the U.N. Treaty Series Online. Note: This guide is taken from a research guide published in 2012 on the Law Library`s blog, In Custodia Legis.
Publisher: Ashley Matthews, Content Management Intern, Law Library of Congress If you need help with contract research, visit the research assistance page of the Georgetown University Law Library website. Or contact the Law Library`s international and foreign law department by phone (202-662-4195) or email (email@example.com). Students at the Georgetown Law Centre can arrange a one-on-one research consultation with a librarian. The four stages of the contract search process are described below. The sources you consult vary depending on whether the treaty is bilateral or multilateral and whether or not the United States is a party to the treaty. Author: Barbara Bavis, Bibliographic and Research Instruction Librarian, Law Library of Congress It is the rather special nature of this process that can cause so many problems for researchers seeking information on executive orders. Fortunately, there are several resources, both at the Library of Congress and on the Web, that can help provide access to these researchers. In addition, there are many collections of free online contracts that focus on a particular jurisdiction, region or conditions.
Depending on the type of contract you are researching, it may be quicker to use one of these online contract collections as a starting point rather than following the conventional four-step contract search process. This is particularly the case with major multilateral treaties and certain types of bilateral agreements, particularly bilateral investment agreements. Janeen Williams, Legal Reference Librarian, Law Library of Congress.